Montessori Toddler Curriculum (ages 6 months to three years)

In the toddler classroom, children are introduced to the Montessori program through a variety of hands-on activities in a prepared environment.


Practical Life

Practical life activities encourage the child to take care of the environment with size-appropriate tools. The children care for the outside environment through gardening activities and for the inside environment through dusting, mopping, sweeping and washing dishes. The toddler is also directed to take care of himself by washing hands, hanging up clothing, managing personal items and toileting.


Cognitive Skills

The toddler is encouraged to explore books and perform various jobs that ultimately increase his ability to concentrate and work independently while creating foundations for learning.


Motor Skills

The toddler is refining both one motor skills and gross motor skills. Fine motor skills are heightened through practical life activities such as pouring, sorting, etc. Gross motor skills are heightened in physical activities like rhythm/music movement and outdoor play.


Language Skills

Language activities are developing at a rapid rate during the toddler years. Sandpaper letters help the child learn the phonetics of the alphabet. Naming cards and matching introduce foundations for alphabet and language. Stories, finger plays, singing, and spontaneous conversation time encourage both social and language skills.


Math Skills

The toddler uses hands-on materials for learning concrete math concepts. The toddler begins to understand number concepts, both quantity and symbol, and the meaning of zero. The child also begins to understand language used in performing simple single-digit addition.


Sensorial Skills

The toddler is able to discover and explore the world around her through her five senses.


Science

The toddler learns about the environment through the use of “trial and error.


Geography

Lessons in geography introduce the concept of a globe and create a framework for whole-world to self-world learning.


Art

The toddler is able to use various materials to express creativity and to enhance fine motor skills. Language skills are further reinforced through the child’s description of the art and its personal meaning. Social skills particular to gift-giving are introduced and coordinated with traditional holidays.


Sign Language

The use of sign language in the toddler program helps the child express needs in a non-verbal manner. This can help reduce the frustration level of the child who is in the earliest stages of verbal expression.


  

Specific Objectives for Toddlers

Specific objectives for toddler age children in a Montessori school.


Art

The toddler is able to use various materials to express creativity and to enhance fine motor skills. Language skills are further reinforced through the child’s description of the art and its personal meaning. Social skills particular to gift giving are introduced and coordinated with traditional holidays.


1.0  Works in various mediums - Dough, crayons, markers, finger paints, tempera, watercolors, chalk, glue

2.0  Uses various implements: Brushes, sponges, stamps

3.0  Explores various crafts: collages, pictures, egg carton art

4.0  Free-form art - Self-expression, Exploration

5.0  Purposeful art: gift projects

6.0  Christmas/Hanukkah/Kwanzaa

7.0  Valentine’s Day

7.0  Mother’s Day

8.0  Father’s Day


Cognitive Skills

The toddler is encouraged to explore books and various jobs that ultimately increase ability to concentrate, work independently, and create foundations for learning.


1.00 Demonstrates curiosity about self, others, environment

         1.10 Looks at books individually

         1.20 Selects activity/job on own

         1.30 Engages in individual play/job

2.00 Responds correctly to yes and no

3.00 Learns through experimentation

4.00 Concentration span expanding

        4.10 Can do simple puzzle (2-4 pieces)

        4.20 Time with an activity lengthens

5.00 Learns object permanence

6.00 Sequences pictured events ( 2-4 elements)

7.00 Knows colors: red, yellow, blue, green, orange, brown, black, white, pink, purple

8.00 Follows directions (1-3 commands in sequence)

  

Geography

Lessons in geography introduce the concept of a globe and create a framework for whole-world to self-world learning.

1.00 Elements: air, land, water

2.00 Introduction to the globe

         2.10 Identifies land-forms: mountains, flatland's, volcanoes

         2.20 Identifies water forms: rivers, oceans, seas

3.00 Family study

4.00 Weather and global regions

5.00 Environmental awareness


Language Skills

Language activities are developing at a rapid rate during the toddler years. Sandpaper letters help the child learn the phonetics of the alphabet. Naming cards and matching introduce foundations for alphabet and language. Stories, finger plays, singing, and spontaneous conversation time encourage both social and language skills.

1.00 Recognition

        1.10 First and last name and age

        1.20 Names people in family

        1.30 Names people in environment: teachers/classmates

        1.40 Names objects in classroom

2.00 Repeats simple songs and finger plays

3.00 Uses words to express needs and wants

4.00 Displays body language

5.00 Understands and follows simple directions (1-2 commands)

6.00 Imitates words and actions

7.00 Combines words toward simple sentences

8.00 Uses personal pronouns (me, he, she)

9.00 Uses “all gone, please, thank you, why, what, where” appropriately

10.0 Recognizes phonic sounds

11.0 Understands prepositions: up, over, under, etc.

12.0 Movable alphabet

13.0 Listens to read-a-loud activities and begins word/picture association

14.0 Spontaneously explores books for pleasure

   

Math Skills

The toddler uses hands-on materials for learning concrete math concepts. The toddler begins to understand number concepts, both quantity and symbol, and the meaning of zero. The child also begins to understand language used in performing simple single-digit addition.

1.00 Numbering

         1.10 Counts by rote: 1-5, 1-10, 10-20

         1.20 Knows zero

         1.30 Recognizes sandpaper number and rods 1-10

2.00 Sorts objects by shape/ size/ color

3.00 Introduction to simple single-digit addition


Motor Skills

The toddler is refining both fine motor skills and gross motor skills. Fine motor skills are heightened through practical life activities such as pouring, sorting, etc. Gross motor skills are heightened in physical activities such as rhythm/music movement and outdoor play.

1.00 Gross motor skills

         1.10 Major muscle development

                  1.10.1 Walks a line

                  1.10.2 Walks holding an object

                  1.10.3 Walks on tiptoes

                  1.10.4 Runs

                  1.10.5 Jumps on two feet

                  1.10.6 Climbs up and down stairs

                  1.10.7 Walks backwards

                  1.10.8 Hops on one foot

                  1.10.9 Kicks ball forward

                  1.10.10 Dances to music

         1.20 Upper-body development

                  1.20.1 Rolls an object forward

                              1.20.2 Throws a small object

                              1.20.3 Catches a small object

                              1.20.4 Rolls and unrolls rugs

                              1.20.5 Claps to music

         1.30 Whole-body coordination

                  1.30.1 Dances to music

                  1.30.2 Rides and moves a wheel toy forward

2.00 Fine motor skills

         2.10 Beginning skills

                  2.10.1 Does puts and takes

                  2.10.2 Rolls and forms play dough

                  2.10.3 Manipulates peg into pegboard

                  2.10.4 Turns pages of a book

                  2.10.5 Strings beads

                  2.10.6 Puts objects in and takes them out of a container

                  2.10.7 Tugs, pulls, pushes, pounds

          2.20 Intermediate skills

                  2.20.1 Draws on paper

                  2.20.2 Colors with crayons (free expression)

                  2.20.3 Paints with large brush

                  2.20.4 Tears paper

                  2.20.5 Uses sponges

         2.30 Advanced skills

                  2.30.1 Colors within an outline

                  2.30.2 Builds a 6-10 block tower

                  2.30.3 Cuts with scissors

                  2.30.4 Applies glue and creates collage

                 2.30.5 Begins letter writing: tracing, independently


Practical Life

Practical life activities encourage the child to take care of the environment with size-appropriate tools. The children care for the outside environment through gardening activities and the inside environment through dusting, mopping, sweeping, and washing dishes. Our toddlers are also directed to take care of themselves by washing hands, hanging up clothing, managing personal items, and toileting.

1.00 Respect for environment

         1.10 Care of outdoor environment

         1.20 Care of indoor materials: dish washing, sweeping, mopping, dusting

         1.30 Cleans up spills: towels/sponge

         1.40 Pushes chair under table

         1.50 Returns work to shelf

2.00 Respect for self

        2.10 Washes/dries hands

        2.20 Drinks from cup without spillage

        2.30 Uses fork/spoon without spillage

        2.40 Dresses self

        2.50 Indicates when clothes are soiled

        2.60 Toilets with minimal assistance

        2.70 Identifies body parts: arm, leg, foot, head, hand, eyes, ears, nose

        2.80 Shows emotion and affection

        2.90 Asks for help

        2.91 Recognizes gender and self/ responds to image in mirror

3.00 Respect for others

        3.10 Grace, courtesy, manners

        3.20 Asks permission

        3.30 Helps others

        3.40 Gets along with others

        3.50 Sits on line for group activities

        3.60 Waits turn

        3.70 Interested in peers and their activities

4.00 Practical activities

         4.10 Pouring activities: solids, liquids

         4.20 Transferring activities: spooning, tonging

         4.30 Washes baby

         4.40 Makes bubbles


Science

The toddler learns about the environment through the use of “trial and error”.

1.00 Recognizes animals

         1.10 Mammals

         1.20 Zoo animals

         1.30 Farm animals

         1.40 Animal stories

         1.50 Caring for animals

         1.60 Living/ non-living

2.00 Introduction to plants

         2.10 Plants, seeds, flower, leaf, roots

         2.20 Caring for plants

         2.30 Needs of plants

3.00 Introduction to human body

         3.10 Parts of the body

         3.20 Care of the body

4.00 Introduction to seasons

        4.10 Recognition of winter, spring, summer, fall

        4.20 Days of the week

        4.30 Introduction to calendar

        4.40 Recognizes personal timeline: birthday

5.00 Introduction to simple physics

         5.10 Simple machines

         5.20 Magnets

         5.30 Buoyancy: sink and oat

   

Sensorial Skills

The toddler is able to discover and explore the world around him through the child’s five senses.

   

1.00 Introduction to cylinder blocks: 1,2,3,4

2.00 Introduction to knob less cylinder boxes: yellow box, red box, green box, blue box

3.00 Pink tower

4.00 Brown stairs

5.00 Color box I

         5.10 Language: red, yellow, blue

6.00 Color box II

         6.10 Language: red, yellow, blue, green, orange, purple, brown, white, pink, gray, black

7.00 Geometric

         7.10 Differentiates circle/square/triangle/rectangle

         7.20 Recognizes cube/cylinder/prism/sphere/ovoid

         7.30 Sorts objects by color/shape/size

8.00 Tactile

         8.10 Introduction to touch boards I

         8.20 Differentiates textures through matching

         8.30 Introduction to mystery bags I, II, III, IV

         8.40 Identifies opposites: hard/soft, hot/cold, rough/smooth

9.00 Auditory

        9.10 Differentiates sounds through the use of sound cylinders

10.00 Olfactory

           10.10 Differentiates smells

                     10.10.1 Smelling jars

                     10.10.2 Surroundings

  

Sign Language

The use of sign language in the toddler program helps the child express needs in a non-verbal manner. This can help reduce the frustration level of the child who is in the earliest stages of verbal expression.

1.00 Recognizes and can use basic signs

         1.10 Please, thank you, help

         1.20 Eat, drink, sleepy, hungry, etc.

2.00 Introduce signs in conjunction with seasonal units

3.00 Looks at sign language cards and books

4.00 Makes sign booklets for home


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